How Are CBD Products Made?
CDB products are as simple to produce as they are used. The main sources of extraction are marijuana and industrial hemp plants. For legal purposes, several products of CBD are extracted from the stems and stalks of industrial hemp plants (cannabis plant with 0.2% THC or less). After cultivation, the plants are transported from the field to the extraction facility.
Hemp oil is the main source of the isolation of CBD. Through a chemical process, the extraction of hemp oil takes place which further reveals a vast range of cannabinoids. The best methods of extraction are non-flammable CO2 extraction or with solvents. In the final product, the FDA prefers the extraction with CO2 because it minimizes the occurrence of solvent residues.
CBD can be extracted using solvents such as ethanol and Carbon (IV) Oxide (CO2). The reason that they are the two main solvents used in extraction is that they offer the cleanest pathway for extraction of CBD that suits human consumption.
CO2 extraction is the more popular method. While it uses smaller quantities of hemp, the mechanism is to filter the plants through a series of chambers in a controlled environment of temperature and pressure. This sophisticated method of extraction involves subjecting the plants to varying temperatures and pressures, leading to the isolation of cannabis with 90% efficiency.
Ethanol extraction, the alternative method involves the introduction of solvent ethanol to the plant in order to isolate the cannabinoids. Unlike the CO2 extraction, it produces a high volume of full spectrum extracts. More so, the solvent also removes unwanted components and impurities such as chlorophyll, from the plant. After extraction, the hemp plant undergoes a further step called chromatography. Chromatography stage removes unwanted phytochemicals in the desired cannabinoid. Because cannabinoids such as CBD interact strongly with the chromatography column, the substance travels slower than other plant materials such as chlorophyll (which interacts poorly with the column). After distributing the components, cannabidiol and other terpenes are isolated for further use.
Furthermore, oil products of CBD undergo decarboxylation. Simply put, decarboxylation involves heating the cannabinoids into a particular form that allows the immediate interaction of the cannabinoids with the endocannabinoid system, a process which makes the CBD compound more usable and absorbed by the system. After decarboxylating the extracted oil, it is converted from
CBDA (where A represents the acid) to CBD (successful removal of the acid). By doing so, the substance is ready for bio-sorption. Although the decarboxylated oil does not have a favorable taste, it is suitable for direct consumption. Also, the oil can be mixed with another oil such as coconut or hemp seed oil, converted into capsules, and hardened into the isolated form for normal consumption.